General info

Name of Zoo: Ouwehands Dierenpark
Name of Exhibit: Urucu
Opening Date/Year: 01-01-01


Height in m: 12
Area in m2: 390
Volume in m3: 3500


Shape sides: oval

Shape of top: domed


1) placement main support structures: inside (e.g. tent-like) 
2) materials main support: metal, specify type: Steel
3) special supports/protection for:
(a) interface net/mesh and main support: None
(b) protection from main supports rotting in ground: N.a.
4) secondary supporting structures: beams (e.g. across top) 
5) lowering or removal of top when snow or severe winds expected possible: No
6) constructor: In-house

Material sides
1) solid (rock, brick wood etc): 0
2) glass: 1
3) piano wire: 0
4) netting/mesh: 3
a) material: galvanized wire (galvanized after welding)
b) name manufacturer: Metaalbedrijf den Ousten
c) supplier: N.A.
d) product name: N.A.
e) opening size: 2×5
f) diameter: 5.4
g) color: Grey
h) configuration: woven
i) how is netting/meshing attached to aviary structure? Screw
j) visibility through net/mesh: satisfactory
k) water resistance: excellent
l) UV resistance: excellent

  Material top
1) Same as sides: yes

Visitor viewing

Walk through / walk in: no  , please specify number of sides for visitor viewing: 3 sides
Barriers between public and birds: netting/mesh
Other special features to enhance viewing possibilities: Glass windows

Entrances and exits


i. double doors with area between: no
ii. through attached building: no
iii: please describe how you bring in large enclosure furnishings that are too large to be brought through the doors: Double metal door where furnishings can be brought through

Visitor: N.A.
Curtains: N.A.

Water area

% surface area water (versus land): 10
Frequency of drainage and cleaning: Once a week
Type of water: running
Filtration system: yes
Depth in cm:

i. minimum: 10
ii. maximum: 80
iii. % surface area < 20 cm: 30


Sand:  0% area
Grass: 10% area
Dirt: 30% area
Rocks: 0% area
Visitor path: 10% area
Other: 20% area


Grass/other herbacious plants < 20 cm high cover:  10 % area
Herbacious plants/shrubs 20 cm- 1m high cover:  20 % area
Herbacious plants/shrubs/trees 1 m-3 m high cover: 10 % area
Number of coniferous trees > 3 m high: 0
Number of deciduous trees > 3 m high:  3
Are there any plants you would recommend for aviaries?:  N.A.
Are there any plants that have been problematic in this aviary?: N.A.

Predator protection

Electric fence inside: no
Electric fence outside: no
Different type meshing along bottom: no
Plastic along perimeter: no
Concrete under ground: yes
Other (specify): N.A.

Suplemental lightning

Supplemental lighting outside: yes

Permanent introduction/catching area present

Introduction and/or catching area present: no

Indoor enclosure

Attached to aviary: yes

i. length: 20-35 m2
ii. width: N.A.
iii. Height: 3,5 -6 m

Average number of nights used per year: 365
Average number of days used per year: 365
Direct access to main outside enclosure: yes
Direct access to alternative outdoor area: no
Substrates (specify): Concrete, woodchips
Usable water area present for bathing: yes
Possibility to subdivide area if need to: no
Keeper access area not shared by birds: yes
Natural sunlight received: yes
Number of hours of artifical light: 12
Heating supplied: no
Please describe ventilation system: N.A.
Visitor viewing: yes


Species currently held (if possible also historically) list: N.A.
Species not held successfully: N.A.
Reason per species (please list species below)
i. escape: N.A.
ii. incompatibility: N.A.
iii. health issues: N.A.
iv. stress: N.A.
v. accidents (e.g. collisions): N.A.
vi. other: N.A.


Problems with:
Indigenous bird species entering enclosure: yes, specify: sparrows and blackbirds
Predation in enclosures:  no
Aviary withstanding winds experienced: no
Aviary withstanding snow experienced:  no
Excessive mortality and or accidents with one or more species: no
Other health issues, e.g. foot lesions: no
Frequent replacement or repair of materials:  no
Husbandry issues e.g. cleaning, heating, moving birds: no


Visitor: no
Keeper: yes, specify: Difficult to get an overview of the animals

Enclosure data submission

Contact person:
Data submitted: 24-01-12