General info

Name of Zoo: Vogelpark Avifauna
Name of respondent: Joost Lammers
E-mail address of respondent:

Name of Exhibit: Cuba aviary

Opening Date/Year: 27.06.05.


Height in m: 14
Area in m2: 950
Volume in m3: 11400


Shape sides: rectangular

Shape of top: rectangular


1) placement main support structures: perimeter (e.g. corners)
2) materials main support: wooden poles (treated with …)
3) special supports/protection for: (a) interface net/mesh and main support (specify) : None
(b) protection from main supports: rotting in ground
(specify ): Poles are placed on concrete feet
4) secondary supporting structures: beams (e.g. across top)
5) lowering or removal of top when snow or severe winds expected possible: No
6) constructor External company, please specify construction external: indoor enclosure: in-house

Material sides
1) solid (rock, brick wood etc) : 2
2) glass number of sides : 0
3) piano wire number of sides : 0
4) netting/mesh 2
a) material: nylon
b) name manufacturer:N.A.
c) supplier:N.A.
d) product name:N.A.
e) opening size: 4×4
f) diameter: 5,7
g) color: black
h) configuration configuration :N.A.
i) how is netting/meshing attached to aviary structure? iron wire
j) visibility through net/mesh: satisfactory
k) water resistance: excellent
l) UV resistance: excellent

Material top
1) Same as sides: yes

Visitor viewing

a) walk through / walk in: yes
b) barriers between public and birds:
c) other special features to enhance viewing possibilities,
Sheltered viewing

Entrances and exits

a) service
i. double doors with area between: no
ii. through attached building: no
iii: please describe how you bring in large enclosure
furnishings that are too large to be brought through the doors: through doors
b) visitor: single sliding door
c) curtains: ropes

Water area

% surface area water (versus land): 40
Frequency of drainage and cleaning: small pool 1x a day.
If other pools are dirty they will be cleaned, about 3x a year
Type of water: running
Filtration system: yes, specify: fresh water from the Rijn
Depth in cm:

i. minimum: 5
ii. maximum: 75 cm
iii. % surface area < 20 cm: 30


Grass: 10% area
Rocks: 10% area
Visitor path: 10% area
Other: 30% area grind


Grass/other herbacious plants < 20 cm high cover:  30 % area
Herbacious plants/shrubs 20 cm- 1m high cover:  10 % area
Herbacious plants/shrubs/trees 1 m-3 m high cover: 10 % area
Number of coniferous trees > 3 m high: N.A. 0?
Number of deciduous trees > 3 m high:  8, 1 dead tree
Are there any plants you would recommend for aviaries?:  swamp cypres
Are there any plants that have been problematic in this aviary?: no

Predator protection

Electric fence inside: no
Electric fence outside: no
Different type meshing along bottom: yes 100 cm high
Plastic along perimeter: no
Concrete under ground: no
Other (specify): N.A.

Suplemental lightning

Supplemental lighting outside: yes

Permanent introduction/catching area present

Introduction and/or catching area present: no

Indoor enclosure

Attached to aviary: yes 2 enclosures

i. length: 45 and 108 m2
ii. width:
iii. Height: 3

Average number of nights used per year: 29.tra
Average number of days used per year: 30
Direct access to main outside enclosure: yes
Direct access to alternative outdoor area: no
Substrates (specify): Aubiose
Usable water area present for bathing: yes
Possibility to subdivide area if need to: yes wall around pool is straight. Better to let is slowly rise in case of scary birds
Keeper access area not shared by birds: no
Natural sunlight received: yes
Number of hours of artifical light: 12 hours
Heating supplied: heating in floors
Please describe ventilation system: windows can open
Visitor viewing: no


Species currently held (if possible also historically) list: N.A.
Species not held successfully: N.A.
Reason per species (please list species below)
i. escape: N.A.
ii. incompatibility: N.A.
iii. health issues: N.A.
iv. stress: N.A.
v. accidents (e.g. collisions): N.A.
vi. other: N.A.


Problems with: 
Indigenous bird species entering enclosure: no
Predation in enclosures: no
Aviary withstanding winds experienced: yes
Aviary withstanding snow experienced:  yes, you can walk on top of the aviary
Excessive mortality and or accidents with one or more species: yes, specify: spoonbill illness
Other health issues, e.g. foot lesions: no few problems of individuals
Frequent replacement or repair of materials:  no
Husbandry issues e.g. cleaning, heating, moving birds: yes, specify: indoor enclosure wasn’t made voor spoonbills, ibis etc. When building it again the indoor enclosure would be made for several species. Only one exit for the animals from the inside enclosure. There should be more smaller exit points


Visitor yes, specify: to much plants which make it difficult to see the animals. Much poo on the visitor path, visitors don’t like it.
yes, specify: not easy to clean the enclosure. F.e. cleaning the paths.


Design: N.A.
Materials and labor: N.A.
Maintenance (e.g. replacement of netting etc.): N.A.
Were there any choices made/possibilities to reduce costs? gesloten watersysteem niet doorgegaan. Afvalwater terug op syusteem. Lichtkoepels. Smaller

Enclosure data submission

 Data submitted: 16.2.2012