Name of Zoo: Dierenpark Emmen
Name of respondent: P. de wit
E-mail address of respondent: email@example.com
Name of Exhibit: American Free-flight aviary
Opening Date/Year: 01-01-80
Height in m: 12
Area in m2: 3400
Volume in m3: 40800
Shape sides: L-shaped
Shape of top: flat
1) placement main support structures: inside (e.g. tent-like)
2) materials main support: Steel
3) special supports/protection for:
(a) interface net/mesh and main support: None
(b) protection from main supports rotting in ground: N.a.
4) secondary supporting structures: cables
5) lowering or removal of top when snow or severe winds expected possible: No
6) constructor: External company
1) solid (rock, brick wood etc): 0
2) glass: 0
3) piano wire: 0
4) netting/mesh: 4
a) material: PVC coated wire
b) name manufacturer: ?
c) supplier: ?
d) product name: ?
e) opening size: 5×5
f) diameter: 7
g) color: Black
h) configuration: chain link
i) how is netting/meshing attached to aviary structure? N.A.
j) visibility through net/mesh: satisfactory
k) water resistance: excellent
l) UV resistance: excellent
1) Same as sides: yes
Walk through / walk in: yes
please specify number of sides for visitor viewing: N.A. ?
Barriers between public and birds: rails
Other special features to enhance viewing possibilities: None
% surface area water (versus land): 40
Frequency of drainage and cleaning: once a year
Type of water: running
Filtration system: yes
Depth in cm:
i. minimum: 5
ii. maximum: 173
iii. % surface area < 20 cm: 10
Visitor path: 30
Grass/other herbacious plants < 20 cm high cover: 20
Herbacious plants/shrubs 20 cm- 1m high cover: 20
Herbacious plants/shrubs/trees 1 m-3 m high cover: 20
Number of coniferous trees > 3 m high: 0
Number of deciduous trees > 3 m high: 12
Are there any plants you would recommend for aviaries?: N.A.
Are there any plants that have been problematic in this aviary?: N.A.
Electric fence inside: no
Electric fence outside: yes 30 cm high
Different type meshing along bottom: no
Plastic along perimeter: no
Concrete under ground: no
Other (specify): N.A.
Supplemental lighting outside: no
Permanent introduction/catching area present
Introduction and/or catching area present: yes
Attached to aviary: Yes
i. length: 5,2 – 39 m2
iii. Height: 2.5 – 5 m
Average number of nights used per year: 320
Average number of days used per year: 150
Direct access to main outside enclosure: yes
Direct access to alternative outdoor area: no
Substrates (specify): Tiles
Usable water area present for bathing: yes
Possibility to subdivide area if need to: no
Keeper access area not shared by birds: yes
Natural sunlight received: yes
Number of hours of artifical light: 8
Heating supplied: no
Please describe ventilation system: ?
Visitor viewing: no
Species currently held (if possible also historically) list: N.A.
Species not held successfully: N.A.
Reason per species (please list species below)
i. escape: N.A.
ii. incompatibility: N.A.
iii. health issues: N.A.
iv. stress: N.A.
v. accidents (e.g. collisions): N.A.
vi. other: N.A.
Indigenous bird species entering enclosure: yes, specify sparrows and blackbirds
Predation in enclosures: yes, specify Beech marten
Aviary withstanding winds experienced: no
Aviary withstanding snow experienced: yes, specify Snow lays on roof and has to be removed by hand
Excessive mortality and or accidents with one or more species: yes, specify with inca terns and blackwinged stilt because of marten
Other health issues, e.g. foot lesions: no
Frequent replacement or repair of materials: yes, specify Trees in the aviary can create holes in the mesh which needs to be monitored and replaced frequently
Husbandry issues e.g. cleaning, heating, moving birds: no
Visitor: yes, specify Some people are scared of the free-flying birds
Keeper: yes, specify It is hard to clean the visitor path, because you need a lot of wires it is hard to move the cleaning system
Enclosure data submission
Contact person: N.A.
Data submitted: 07-02-12