Artis – Vulture aviary

Name of Zoo Artis
Name of respondent Dionne slagter
E-mail address of respondent

Name of Exhibit Vulture aviary
Opening Date/Year 01-01-05-

    a) height in m 10 m
    b) area in m2 1000
    c) volume in m3 9000
  2. SHAPE
    a) shape sides rectangular
    b) shape of top flat slowly raising
    1) placement main support structures perimeter (e.g. corners) outside as well
    2) materials main support metal, specify type steel
    3) special supports/protection for (a) interface net/mesh and main support (specify)
    (b) protection from main supports rotting in ground (specify ) no
    4) secondary supporting structures cables
    5) lowering or removal of top when snow or severe winds expected possible No
    6) constructor External company, please specify
    Material sides
    1) solid (rock, brick wood etc) 2
    2) glass number of sides – please choose one
    3) piano wire number of sides – please choose one
    4) netting/mesh 2
    a) material material – please choose one
    b) name manufacturer
    c) supplier
    d) product name
    e) opening size 10×10
    f) diameter 14
    g) color grey
    h) configuration woven
    i) how is netting/meshing attached to aviary structure? net is attached to bveams which are Attached to MSS by steel parts
    j) visibility through net/mesh satisfactory
    k) water resistance excellent
    l) UV resistance excellent
    Material top
    1) Same as sides yes If yes, continue to 4. Visibility
    2) Not same as sides a) name manufacturer
    b) supplier
    c) name product
    d) material material – please choose one
    e) configuration configuration – please choose one
    f) opening size
    g) diameter
    h) color
    i) water resistance water resistance – please choose one
    j) UV resistance UV resistance – please choose one
    a) walk through / walk in no, please specify number of sides for visitor viewing 2
    b) barriers between public and birds barriers – please choose one
    c) other special features to enhance viewing possibilities, specify walk under a part of the aviary
    a) service i. double doors with area between yes
    ii. through attached building no
    iii: please describe how you bring in large enclosure furnishings that are too large to be brought through the doors Net will be taken of by a external company so things can placed inside. Then the net will be replaced. Once in 5 years
    b) visitor please choose one
    c) curtains please choose one
    a) % surface area water (versus land) 10
    b) frequency of drainage and cleaning once a month
    c) type of water running
    d) filtration system yes, specify water is circulated in closed system
    e) depth in cm i. minimum 10
    ii. maximum 30
    iii. % surface area < 20 cm 60
    a) sand 40
    b) grass 0
    c) dirt 0
    d) rocks 30
    e) visitor path 20
    f) other 0
    a) grass/other herbacious plants < 20 cm high cover 0 b) herbacious plants/shrubs 20 cm- 1m high cover 10 c) herbacious plants/shrubs/trees 1 m-3 m high cover 30 d) number of coniferous trees > 3 m high 2
    e) number of deciduous trees > 3 m high 8
    f) are there any plants you would recommend for aviaries? Trees with a lot of branches on top are advisable for vultures.
    g) are there any plants that have been problematic in this aviary?
    a) electric fence inside no cm high
    b) electric fence outside no cm high
    c) different type meshing along bottom yes 200
    d) plastic along perimeter no cm high
    e) concrete under ground yes cm deep
    f) other (specify)
    supplemental lighting outside no
    Introduction and/or catching area present no
    a) attached to aviary no
    b) dimensions i. length 2
    ii. width 2
    iii. Height 2
    c) average number of nights used per year 0
    d) average number of days used per year 0
    e) direct access to main outside enclosure no
    f) direct access to alternative outdoor area no
    g) substrates (specify) sand
    h) usable water area present for bathing no
    i) possibility to subdivide area if need to yes
    j) keeper access area not shared by birds no
    k) natural sunlight received no
    l) number of hours of artifical light 0
    m) heating supplied no
    n) please describe ventilation system no
    o) visitor viewing no
    a) species currently held (if possible also historically) list Griffon vulture 7.7.0
    b) species not held successfully Cinereous vulture and Egyptian vulture
    c) reason per species (please list species below) i. escape
    ii. incompatibility
    iii. health issues
    iv. stress
    v. accidents (e.g. collisions) Egyptian vulture catched by the gryfon vulture. Raven grabbed the gryfon vulture
    vi. other Cinereous vulture can be held with other species according to the EEP
    Problems with:
    a) Indigenous bird species entering enclosure yes, specify magpie and crows
    b) Predation in enclosures no
    c) Aviary withstanding winds experienced yes, specify
    d) Aviary withstanding snow experienced yes, specify ropes through the net on top of the aviary. When havy snow lays on top you can pull the ropes so it comes down
    e) Excessive mortality and or accidents with one or more species no
    f) other health issues, e.g. foot lesions no
    g) frequent replacement or repair of materials no
    h) husbandry issues e.g. cleaning, heating, moving birds yes, specify catching animals is difficult
    a) Visitor no
    b) Keeper yes, specify indoor enclosures are not effective
  16. COSTS (in EUR)
    a) Design
    b) Materials and labor
    c) Maintenance (e.g. replacement of netting etc.) no
    d) Were there any choices made/possibilities to reduce costs? ?
    a) Contact person Steven van den Heuvel
    b) data submitted 19-03-12